Learn digraph and diphthongs (consonants digraphs and vowel digraphs) by definitions, words creation, list, comparison, and examples.
What are Digraphs and Diphthongs | How to learn with Definitions and Examples
As the topic name suggests;
Di → two
Graphs → letters
Digraphs→ two letters
Definition of Digraphs
When two consonants or non-vowels join to create a new mono sound, called digraphs. In this concept, the two raw letter sounds have a different sound than the resultant one. In other words, two letters with different sounds form a mono sound that is different from the newly created one.
The English alphabets other than five vowels a,e,i,o,u are called consonants. There are twenty-one consonants.
Example of Digraph
S + h = sh
Both the consonants ‘s’ and ‘h’ have different sounds before combining to form ‘sh’ that have different resultant sounds. So, ‘sh’ is a digraph. We can also say that two sounds merge to form a single or mono sound.
Here is the list of digraphs.
C + k =Ck
W + h=Wh
C + h=Ch
K + n=Kn
P + h=Ph
T + h=Th
W + r=Wr
S + S=Ss
T + ch=Tch
Words from Digraphs
Ch= chicken, choice, cheese, chair, chain, child, chess, chuck, check cheque.
Wh=white, when, where, what, while, which, why.
Kn= knight, knock, knit, knife, know, knot, knowledge, knicks, Knee.
Wr= wreck, wrench, wreath, wrist, wrong, wring, wrinkle, wrong.
Ch= which, punch, rich, such, pouch, much, pinch, lunch, crunch.
Ck= track, luck, suck, flick, tick, quick, tack, pluck, sick, hick, hack, crack.
Sh= trash, bush, wish, crush, dish, flash, rush, push, brush.
Ss= mass, class, chess, dress, mess, miss, swiss, bliss,
Vowel Digraphs or Diphthongs Concept
Like digraphs or consonants digraphs, vowel digraphs or diphthongs also have something same concept structure. Furthermore, two vowel sounds get together or join to form a sound, called vowel digraph or diphthongs. Keep in your mind the vowels are a,e, i,o,u.
ai= straight, wait, chain, jail, paid, paint, train, snail, brain, rain, mail, sail
ea= beach, cream, deal, flea, easy, leak, preach, teach, plead, peak.
ee= tree, sweet, seed, speed, need, free, sheet, heed, green, queen, peel, feel, heel, street.
ie=die, pie, pliers, lie, diet, lied, tied, fiery, tried, vie, view.
oa= coast, roast, boat, coat, float, moat, poach, load, roam, soak.
ou= soup, group, wound, recoup, troupe.
Types of Vowel Digraphs Sounds
Types of Diphthongs Sounds
- Long Vowel Digraphs Sounds
- Short Vowel Digraphs Sounds
Long Vowel Digraph Sounds
It refers to the paying long time in pronouncing the vowel digraph.
straight, beach, speed, wound.
All the above-mentioned categories (ai, ee, ou ) represent long vowel sounds.
Short Vowel Digraph Sounds
It refers to the paying comparatively short time than long vowel sounds in pronouncing the vowel digraph.
All the above-mentioned categories (ie, ee ) represent short vowel sounds.
Difference Between Consonants Digraphs and Vowel Digraphs
As we know that both the digraphs types are formed by combining two letters to form a monosound. So, the main and important difference between them is that two consonants are combined to create consonats digraphs whereas two vowels make vowel digraphs or diphthongs.
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